Revelation Chapter 9:11
Revelation 9:11 – And they had as king over them the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon, but in Greek he has the name Apollyon.
Natural locusts do not have a king over them:
Abaddon … Apollyon”: Although locusts normally have no king (Prov. 30:27), these demonic creatures do. His name in both Hebrew and Greek means “destroyer”. There is a hierarchy of power among the demons, just as among the holy angels.
You can call him any name you care to. This is Satan. Lucifer was one of the angels close to God in heaven. He was a very beautiful angel before his fall. All of the demons were angels in heaven until a third of the angels followed Lucifer and became demons.
Angels, as we have said before, are ministering spirits. These fallen angels (demons), are ministering pain and suffering. Their mission is to destroy. Their leader, Lucifer, is the epitome of evil. He has been their king since they were cast out of heaven by God. Their abode, when they are not on a mission of destruction, is in the abyss. This is where they were loosed from (in verse 2). They are continuously causing war, both spiritual and literal. Their mission is to destroy any way they can.
This “king” (in verse 11), is the star we saw (in verse 1), which was thrown out of heaven and has hell for an abode. Just as he led these angels out of heaven, he leads them in this mission of destruction. Satan, even though fallen, must do everything the Lord commands him.
Remember all of this happens because God’s wrath is kindled. God alone can stop Satan. This time God does not want to stop him. God allows, and even orders, this to happen. Satan, Apollyon, Abaddon, Lucifer, the devil, or whatever you care to call him, is still obedient to God. He, as we or any other being or angel, are created and subject to the desires of the Creator. God alone could stop this destruction.
Jesus had and has many names. Satan is a counterfeiter, so he has many names as well. People throughout history have tried to put names of modern conquerors to these, but I do not believe that is intended here.
Proverbs 30:27 – The locusts have no king, yet they all advance in ranks…
In contrast, the tormenting locusts from the bottomless pit do have a king over them. This king is an angel called Abaddon in Hebrew, or Apollyon in Greek, which literally translates to “the destroyer.” Incidentally, John is the only author in Scripture who uses the phrase “in Hebrew,” and other than one time in Luke 23:38, John is the only one to give us names of certain things in the New Testament in both Greek and Hebrew (John 5:2, 19:13, 17, 20, Revelation 16:16), which confirms his authorship of both the book of John and Revelation.
This is the only time in Scripture “Abaddon” or “Apollyon” appear as a name for an entity. “Apollyon” is only found here in Revelation, but various forms of this Greek word translated as “destruction” or similar meaning are found throughout the New Testament. The Hebrew equivalent “Abaddon” is found in the following passages, used to describe Hell as a place of destruction:
Psalms 88:9-11 – My eye wastes away because of affliction. LORD, I have called daily upon You; I have stretched out my hands to You. Will You work wonders for the dead? Shall the dead arise and praise You? Selah Shall Your lovingkindness be declared in the grave? Or Your faithfulness in the place of destruction?
Proverbs 15:11 – Hell and Destruction are before the LORD; So how much more the hearts of the sons of men.
Job 26:5-6 – “The dead tremble, those under the waters and those inhabiting them. Sheol is naked before Him, and Destruction has no covering.”
Job 31:11-12 – For that would be wickedness; yes, it would be iniquity deserving of judgment. For that would be a fire that consumes to destruction, and would root out all my increase.
“Abaddon” or “Destruction” is also personified along with “Death” in the following passage:
Job 28:20-23 – “From where then does wisdom come? And where is the place of understanding? It is hidden from the eyes of all living, and concealed from the birds of the air. Destruction and Death say, ‘We have heard a report about it with our ears.’ God understands its way, and He knows its place.”
Recall from Revelation 6:8, that “Death” is a real spiritual entity given power to kill people on earth. So it is possible that “Abaddon” is merely an angel given authority over the tormenting locusts, which are equipped to “destroy,” but refrain from doing so in the fifth Trumpet judgment. In other words, this angel’s name reflects the destructive power he is able to unleash through the locusts under his authority.
Some believe that the angel over the tormenting locusts is Satan who seeks to destroy or devour us:
1 Peter 5:8 – Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil walks about like a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour.
Recall from Revelation 9:1, the evidence suggests that Satan is the “fallen star” given the key to open the bottomless pit. This shows that he is given some authority over the occupants of the pit. However, this does not make Satan “king” over these creatures, as someone else gave him the authority to release the locusts. Satan is never actually called “the destroyer” in Scripture either. Also, Satan is a cherub, not an angel (Ezekiel 28:14). In addition, the tormenting locusts are “clean” creatures (Revelation 9:5), so it doesn’t make sense that Satan would be king over them, as he is fallen and unclean, and rules over fallen angels which are also unclean:
Revelation 12:7 – And war broke out in heaven: Michael and his angels fought with the dragon; and the dragon and his angels fought, but they did not prevail, nor was a place found for them in heaven any longer. So the great dragon was cast out, that serpent of old, called the Devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world; he was cast to the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.
Satan is the “prince of the power of the air” (Ephesians 2:2), not the bottomless pit. While it is possible Satan is the one who opens the pit, he is otherwise never associated with the bottomless pit until he gets thrown in and held there during the Millennium:
Revelation 20:1-3 – Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, having the key to the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. He laid hold of the dragon, that serpent of old, who is the Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years; and he cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal on him, so that he should deceive the nations no more till the thousand years were finished. But after these things he must be released for a little while.
Others believe the antichrist, or the beast is the angel of the bottomless pit. Near the middle of the Tribulation the beast will die and is apparently resurrected:
Revelation 13:3 – And I saw one of his heads as if it had been mortally wounded, and his deadly wound was healed. And all the world marveled and followed the beast. So they worshiped the dragon who gave authority to the beast; and they worshiped the beast, saying, “Who is like the beast? Who is able to make war with him?” And he was given a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies, and he was given authority to continue for forty-two months.
We know that after the beast dies he will go to the bottomless pit because when he is resurrected he ascends from there:
Revelation 11:7 – When they finish their testimony, the beast that ascends out of the bottomless pit will make war against them, overcome them, and kill them.
Revelation 17:8 – The beast that you saw was, and is not, and will ascend out of the bottomless pit and go to perdition. And those who dwell on the earth will marvel, whose names are not written in the Book of Life from the foundation of the world, when they see the beast that was, and is not, and yet is.
However, the beast is never called an angel, and he does not rule over spirits, but men (Revelation 13:7). Also, the beast is never described as having authority over the inhabitants of the bottomless pit, but becomes an inhabitant himself when he dies. While the beast will destroy many (Daniel 11:44), he is known as the “son of perdition,” or “son of destruction,” from the same Greek root used for “Apollyon,” which shows he will go to destruction, but not rule over the place of destruction:
2 Thessalonians 2:3-4, 8 – Let no one deceive you by any means; for that Day will not come unless the falling away comes first, and the man of sin is revealed, the son of perdition, who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God or that is worshiped, so that he sits as God in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God…. And then the lawless one will be revealed, whom the Lord will consume with the breath of His mouth and destroy with the brightness of His coming.
The one who sends the beast to destruction is the Lord. In fact, the “angel of the Lord” was also called the “destroyer,” who was undoubtedly the pre-incarnate Christ (Judges 13:21-22):
Exodus 12:23, 29 – For the LORD will pass through to strike the Egyptians; and when He sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, the LORD will pass over the door and not allow the destroyer to come into your houses to strike you…. And it came to pass at midnight that the LORD struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of livestock.
1 Corinthians 10:1-2, 5-10 – Moreover, brethren, I do not want you to be unaware that all our fathers were under the cloud, all passed through the sea, all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea…. But with most of them God was not well pleased, for their bodies were scattered in the wilderness. Now these things became our examples, to the intent that we should not lust after evil things as they also lusted. And do not become idolaters as were some of them. As it is written, “The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.” Nor let us commit sexual immorality, as some of them did, and in one day twenty-three thousand fell; nor let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed by serpents; nor complain, as some of them also complained, and were destroyed by the destroyer.
1 Chronicles 21:15-16 – And God sent an angel to Jerusalem to destroy it. As he was destroying, the LORD looked and relented of the disaster, and said to the angel who was destroying, “It is enough; now restrain your hand.” And the angel of the LORD stood by the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite. Then David lifted his eyes and saw the angel of the LORD standing between earth and heaven, having in his hand a drawn sword stretched out over Jerusalem. So David and the elders, clothed in sackcloth, fell on their faces.
2 Kings 19:32-35 – “Therefore thus says the LORD concerning the king of Assyria: ‘He shall not come into this city, nor shoot an arrow there, nor come before it with shield, nor build a siege mound against it. By the way that he came, by the same shall he return; and he shall not come into this city,’ Says the LORD. ‘For I will defend this city, to save it for My own sake and for My servant David’s sake.’ ” And it came to pass on a certain night that the angel of the LORD went out, and killed in the camp of the Assyrians one hundred and eighty-five thousand; and when people arose early in the morning, there were the corpses – all dead.
However, “Abaddon” or “Apollyon” and their root words are not found in Hebrew or Greek for the words translated “destroy,” or “the Destroyer” in the passages above, but the words used have the same meaning. Also, some might argue that Jesus is not “the Destroyer,” as He came the first time to save, not destroy:
Luke 9:56 – “For the Son of Man did not come to destroy men’s lives but to save them.” And they went to another village.
But Jesus is both able to save and “destroy.” Note, the same Greek root in “Apollyon” is used here:
James 4:12 – There is one Lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy. Who are you to judge another?
Jesus will save those who accept Him and destroy those who reject Him, including the beast:
Revelation 19:11, 19-21 – Now I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse. And He who sat on him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and makes war. And I saw the beast, the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against Him who sat on the horse and against His army. Then the beast was captured, and with him the false prophet who worked signs in his presence, by which he deceived those who received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image. These two were cast alive into the lake of fire burning with brimstone. And the rest were killed with the sword which proceeded from the mouth of Him who sat on the horse. And all the birds were filled with their flesh.
Luke 20:13-18 – “Then the owner of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do? I will send my beloved son. Probably they will respect him when they see him.’ But when the vinedressers saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, ‘This is the heir. Come, let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours.’ So they cast him out of the vineyard and killed him. Therefore what will the owner of the vineyard do to them? He will come and destroy those vinedressers and give the vineyard to others.” And when they heard it they said, “Certainly not!” Then He looked at them and said, “What then is this that is written: ‘The stone which the builders rejected has become the chief cornerstone’? Whoever falls on that stone will be broken; but on whomever it falls, it will grind him to powder.”
Even the demons fear the day that Jesus will send them to destruction in the abyss:
Mark 1:23-24 – Now there was a man in their synagogue with an unclean spirit. And he cried out, saying, “Let us alone! What have we to do with You, Jesus of Nazareth? Did You come to destroy us? I know who You are – the Holy One of God!”
Luke 8:28-31 – When he saw Jesus, he cried out, fell down before Him, and with a loud voice said, “What have I to do with You, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? I beg You, do not torment me!” For He had commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man. For it had often seized him, and he was kept under guard, bound with chains and shackles; and he broke the bonds and was driven by the demon into the wilderness. Jesus asked him, saying, “What is your name?” And he said, “Legion,” because many demons had entered him. And they begged Him that He would not command them to go out into the abyss.
Matthew 8:28-29 – When He had come to the other side, to the country of the Gergesenes, there met Him two demon-possessed men, coming out of the tombs, exceedingly fierce, so that no one could pass that way. And suddenly they cried out, saying, “What have we to do with You, Jesus, You Son of God? Have You come here to torment us before the time?“
Jesus has authority to send unbelievers to destruction because He has paid the ransom and received power and authority over Death and Hades:
Matthew 10:28 – And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. But rather fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.
Revelation 1:18 – I am He who lives, and was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore. Amen. And I have the keys of Hades and of Death.
While “Abaddon” or “Apollyon” could be a created angel set as a king over the tormenting locusts from the bottomless pit, or just a personification for the place of eternal destruction, the scriptural evidence leans in favor of Jesus being “the Destroyer” and King over the tormenting locusts. This fits, as Jesus has the key to the bottomless pit, which is just one of the keys of Hades (Revelation 1:18), and has authority to delegate the use of these keys to other angelic beings (Revelation 9:1, 20:1). Jesus was also the destroying angel in the Old Testament. In addition, the name “Destroyer” reflects the Lord’s just nature, in that He will “cut off” and destroy the wicked:
Psalms 37:28 – For the LORD loves justice, and does not forsake His saints; they are preserved forever, but the descendants of the wicked shall be cut off.
image courtesy: Revelation- 9-11 – quora
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We are now living in the absolute End Times as per biblical prophecy.
Our Lord Jesus Christ – King of Kings. 2nd Coming and return is IMMENENT!.
Please do not waist another a minute.
No matter what religion you serve, there is only one God.
If, you want to be assured that you will not have to endure the perilous times that will befall you.
Irrespective, of what sins you may have committed at any time of your life. If you humble yourself and ask for God’s forgiveness. He will forgive you and wash them all away and welcome you as his beloved son or daughter with open arms.
If you are not a child of Father God or have not asked Jesus Christ to come into your life yet?
I implore you to do this without delay.
Read this prayer of Salvation and ask God to forgive you now and accept Jesus Christ as your Lord and Saviour and you will be assured of eternal life.