Revelation Chapter 1:10 explained – the patience of Jesus Christ
Revelation 1:9 – I, John, both your brother and companion in the tribulation and kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ…
Now we come to a fascinating aspect of the Revelation. How was this prophecy given by God to John? John wrote, I was in the Spirit… It was evidently assumed that Christian readers at the end of the First Century would understand this special state of mind. We should take the time here to consider the work of the Holy Spirit in the basic processes of divine revelation, inspiration, and illumination.
[symple_highlight color=”blue”]Verse 1:10 It was the Lord’s Day, and I was worshiping in the Spirit. Suddenly, I heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet blast[/symple_highlight]
The writer of Hebrews said this:
1 God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, 2 has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, – Hebrews 1:1-2a
Here are some of those “various ways”: Direct conversation (Genesis 2:15-17; Exodus 33:11), a burning bush (Exodus 3), thunder (Job 37:5), a “still small voice” (1 Kings 19:5-12), etching on stone tablets (Exodus 31:18), talking animals (Numbers 22:28-30), dreams – their own (Daniel 7) or other people’s (Daniel 2), visions (like a dream, but while one is awake – Genesis 15:1; 1 Samuel 3; Isaiah 1; Acts 101-15), announcements by angels (Daniel 10; Luke 1:26-38), voice from heaven (Matthew 3:17), even the proverbial “handwriting on the wall”(Daniel 5). But the most clear and memorable of all God’s communication was the life, the work, and the words of Jesus Christ!
In this case God spoke by way of a vision (Revelation 9:17) that included some of these other methods as well. John was prepared for reception of a vision by being “in the Spirit.”
The Seven Seal Judgement – by Calvary Chapel Reno-Sparks – YouTube video teaching
The Holy Spirit was active throughout the Old Testament, “filling,” or “coming upon” various people for certain purposes (Exodus 35:31; 1 Samuel 16:13; Psalm 51:11). He began a new, permanent intimacy with believers after the death of Christ. Jesus had predicted His arrival and indwelling. He said the Holy Spirit would be “another Helper” (John 14:15-18 – Greek parakletos – “companion, comforter”) who would assist them in many ways, including the ability to accurately remember what Jesus had taught them (John 16:5-11).
When a person accepts Christ the Holy Spirit takes up residency in him (Romans 8:9-11). Being “in the Spirit” is referred to elsewhere as being “filled with the Spirit” (Ephesians 5:18) and “walking in the Spirit” (Galatians 5:25). This is the privilege of every true Christian: to surrender himself or herself to the direction and empowerment of God’s Holy Spirit. There is no thought here of entering a trance by use of drugs, hypnosis or other occult practices. John was simply in the right frame of mind for this relation by being filled with the Spirit. The revelation itself came as a vision rather than a dream.
The Holy Spirit is also instrumental in two other aspects of understanding God’s Word. These aspects are called Inspiration and Illumination.
16 All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, 17 that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work. – 2 Timothy 3:16-17
The key word in this verse is “inspiration.” The Greek word is theopneustros – “God-breathed.” The word “Scripture” meant the recognized books of the Bible (Acts 17:11, 1 Corinthians 15:3, etc.), which at that time would normally mean the Old Testament. Notice though that in 1 Peter 3:15-16 the Apostle Peter equated Paul’s epistles with “the rest of the Scriptures.”
Peter also described the process of inspiration in another way:
For prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit. – 2 Peter 1:21
The word “moved” is the present participle of the Greek verb phero. Its meaning is “carried along.” Peter, being a fisherman, might well have pictured this as the external power he experienced when his boat was carried on the crest of a wave. As a preacher, it would have applied to what happened to him on the Day of Pentecost, when the Holy Spirit was first given to believers (Acts 2), and he was able to deliver such a powerful message that about 3000 people believed in Christ!
This would be a good place to mention the concept of “dual authorship” in the Bible. We believe that all of the books in our Bible, which were generally accepted by the Early Church and confirmed by godly and scholarly church leaders at the councils of Hippo Regius in 393, and Carthage in 397, are literally “God’s Word,” and that the original manuscripts of each book were inerrant (without error).
At the same time, one may see that the different human authors had their own vocabulary and style, and therefore did not merely write words dictated to them.
By contrast, many “New Age” authors claim to have “channeled” the words of extraterrestrial beings, whom they call “ascended masters.” If this is true, the spirits behind their writings are demonic (“fallen angels” – Revelation 12:4; “doctrines of demons” – 1 Timothy 1:4). Such people are not truly authors. They are merely stenographers. Their writing was dictated to them by another being.
War in Heaven – Calvary Chapel Reno-Sparks – YouTube video teaching
Returning our thoughts to the work of the Holy Spirit of, He has revealed divine truth to certain people, has foretold future events, and has enabled them to accurately record these revelations. At the same time, He was able to use the unique methods of the human writers to express their message.
Therefore, the Bible has “dual authorship.” God is the primary author, and by His Holy Spirit He communicated the exact content of these writings through various methods as mentioned above.
The Holy Spirit also illuminates the Bible. Since He lives within us, He enables us to understand it and apply it to our lives. The Bible contains mysteries, parables, allegories, and other revelations that may not be understood by those who do not have the Spirit. Here are some passages that teach this truth:
12 “I still have many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now. 13 However, when He, the Spirit of truth, has come, He will guide you into all truth; for He will not speak on His own authority, but whatever He hears He will speak; and He will tell you things to come. 14 He will glorify Me, for He will take of what is Mine and declare it to you. 15 All things that the Father has are Mine. Therefore I said that He will take of Mine and declare it to you. – John 15:12-15
9 But as it is written:
“Eye has not seen, nor ear heard,
Nor have entered into the heart of man
The things which God has prepared for those who love Him.”
10 But God has revealed them to us through His Spirit. For the Spirit searches all things, yes, the deep things of God. 11 For what man knows the things of a man except the spirit of the man which is in him? Even so no one knows the things of God except the Spirit of God. 12 Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, that we might know the things that have been freely given to us by God. 13 These things we also speak, not in words which man’s wisdom teaches but which the Holy Spirit teaches, comparing spiritual things with spiritual. 14 But the natural man does not receive the things of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him; nor can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned. 15 But he who is spiritual judges all things, yet he himself is rightly judged by no one. 16 For “who has known the mind of the LORD that he may instruct Him?” But we have the mind of Christ. – 1 Corinthians 2:9-16
One important related question is the matter of interpretation. God revealed this information by the Holy Spirit, He inspired his chosen servant John to record it, and He gave us the Spirit to help us understand it. The issue now becomes, how will we choose to look at the book? Peter gave some good advice about this.
19 And so we have the prophetic word confirmed, which you do well to heed as a light that shines in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts; 20 knowing this first, that no prophecy of Scripture is of any private interpretation. – 2 Peter 1:19-20
Without going into great detail, we need to mention the major ways that people have interpreted Revelation. In our commentary on the first verse we already mentioned the Preterist view. They relate most or all of the book to the events of the First Century, revolving around the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70 and/or the persecutions of the Roman Empire.
Another school of interpretation is the Historicist view. They try to relate the various parts of Revelation to key events in history. The results vary from teacher to teacher and from age to age, always trying to make it mean something that doesn’t fit.
Then there is the Idealist point of view. They don’t even try to connect the narrative to historical or future events. To them it is just a pool of mythical events that have some spiritual application.
Our approach, and that of most people who take the Bible literally, is the Futurist view. We accept what the vision says about itself; that it is about future events. (For a good discussion of these views, see the introduction to The MacArthur New Testament Commentary for Revelation 1-11.)
The apostle John underscores his equality with other believers as a brother and friend in Christ. Peter had a similar humble greeting in his epistle:
1 Peter 5:1 – The elders who are among you I exhort, I who am a fellow elder and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that will be revealed.
Jesus warned that we would have tribulation (afflictions, distress, and trouble) in this world:
John 16:33 – “These things I have spoken to you, that in Me you may have peace. In the world you will have tribulation; but be of good cheer, I have overcome the world.”
It is important to note, the use of “tribulation” here in Scripture is not same as “the Tribulation.” The latter is a term used by Bible scholars to describe the seven-year period leading up to the 2nd Coming of Jesus. The intended purpose in allowing us to suffer tribulation is to produce patience or perseverance, which builds character and hope:
Romans 5:3-4 – And not only that, but we also glory in tribulations, knowing that tribulation produces perseverance; and perseverance, character; and character, hope.
James 1:2-4 – My brethren, count it all joy when you fall into various trials, knowing that the testing of your faith produces patience. But let patience have its perfect work, that you may be perfect and complete, lacking nothing. If any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask of God, who gives to all liberally and without reproach, and it will be given to him.
The following example illustrates progression from tribulation to patience, and explains the “kingdom” connection:
2 Thessalonians 1:3-8 – We are bound to thank God always for you, brethren, as it is fitting, because your faith grows exceedingly, and the love of every one of you all abounds toward each other, so that we ourselves boast of you among the churches of God for your patience and faith in all your persecutions and tribulations that you endure, which is manifest evidence of the righteous judgment of God, that you may be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which you also suffer; since it is a righteous thing with God to repay with tribulation those who trouble you, and to give you who are troubled rest with us when the Lord Jesus is revealed from heaven with His mighty angels, in flaming fire taking vengeance on those who do not know God, and on those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ.
The “manifest evidence of the righteous judgment of God” shows the Lord’s direction in each believer’s life and evidence to the world that they are a true Christian. “Righteous judgment” comes by trial or tribulation, which builds character, or chastening, which corrects sin. Consequently, God will not judge or condemn a believer with the world (1 Corinthians 11:31-32).
In other words, while salvation is all about grace (Ephesians 2:8), and you can do nothing by yourself to “be counted worthy of the kingdom of God” (2 Thessalonians 1:5), God gives evidence to the world that you belong to His Kingdom when you acquire patience through tribulations, which helps build character and cultivate proper Christian conduct.
Revelation 1:9 – [I John…] was on the island that is called Patmos for the word of God and for the testimony of Jesus Christ.
The island of Patmos is a small rocky Greek island in the Aegean Sea, off the Mediterranean. “Early tradition says that John was banished to Patmos by the Roman authorities. This tradition is credible because banishment was a common punishment used during the Imperial period for a number of offenses” (Source). Since John was on Patmos as a result of the Word of God and the testimony of Jesus Christ, it is probably safe to assume his exile was due to persecution. The Apostle Paul was also apprehended for the testimony of Jesus, as described below:
2 Timothy 1:8-12 – Therefore do not be ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me His prisoner, but share with me in the sufferings for the gospel according to the power of God, who has saved us and called us with a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace which was given to us in Christ Jesus before time began, but has now been revealed by the appearing of our Savior Jesus Christ, who has abolished death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel, to which I was appointed a preacher, an apostle, and a teacher of the Gentiles. For this reason I also suffer these things; nevertheless I am not ashamed, for I know whom I have believed and am persuaded that He is able to keep what I have committed to Him until that Day.
The “testimony of Jesus Christ” bears witness that God and His Word are true, and that He has given us eternal life through Jesus:
John 3:32-34 – And what He has seen and heard, that He testifies; and no one receives His testimony. He who has received His testimony has certified that God is true. For He whom God has sent speaks the words of God, for God does not give the Spirit by measure.
John 5:33-39 – You have sent to John, and he has borne witness to the truth. Yet I do not receive testimony from man, but I say these things that you may be saved. He was the burning and shining lamp, and you were willing for a time to rejoice in his light. But I have a greater witness than John’s; for the works which the Father has given Me to finish – the very works that I do – bear witness of Me, that the Father has sent Me. And the Father Himself, who sent Me, has testified of Me. You have neither heard His voice at any time, nor seen His form. But you do not have His word abiding in you, because whom He sent, Him you do not believe. You search the Scriptures, for in them you think you have eternal life; and these are they which testify of Me.
1 John 5:9 – If we receive the witness of men, the witness of God is greater; for this is the witness of God which He has testified of His Son. He who believes in the Son of God has the witness in himself; he who does not believe God has made Him a liar, because he has not believed the testimony that God has given of His Son. And this is the testimony: that God has given us eternal life, and this life is in His Son. He who has the Son has life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have life.
This begins the first of three major divisions of this Revelation of Jesus Christ. It is a vision of Jesus that is quite different from the way His followers had pictured Him before. They had correctly thought of Him as the Son of God, the long-awaited Messiah, the Savior of mankind, the perfect human, the greatest teacher in human history, their best friend, their King, and, in hundreds of other ways, the most amazing of all people. To them He was infinitely loving, forgiving, and wonderful.
[infobox style=”alert-info”]Verse 1:9 I, John, am your brother and your partner in suffering and in God’s Kingdom and in the patient endurance to which Jesus calls us. I was exiled to the island of Patmos for preaching the word of God and for my testimony about Jesus.[/infobox]
He called Himself “meek” (Matthew 11:29). That expression is misunderstood in our days, but the original listeners knew that the Greek word to for “gentle.” did not mean weakness. To be gentle one must first have great strength. A gentle person is careful how that strength is used.
He claimed equality with God in a variety of ways, including some of his descriptions of Himself. He said things like, “I AM the light of the world” (John 8:12), “I AM the bread of life” (John 6:35) and “I AM the resurrection and the life” (John 11:25).
Jesus has been the subject of more paintings, more poems, and more books than any other person. People have tried to summarize His greatness with masterpieces like “One Solitary Life,” and “The Incomparable Christ.” But no one has stated His greatness and His fame as well as the Apostle John, the writer of The Revelation, at the end of his Gospel.
And there are also many other things that Jesus did, which if they were written one by one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that would be written. Amen. – John 21:25
Still, in addition to all that was known about the Lord Jesus, the things that John saw next, and described for us, are totally beyond any concept that people had held to that point. There will be new and shocking information about Jesus in this section. But first, we need to learn about the background of this new material.
Preparation for the vision 1:9-10
I, John, both your brother and companion in the tribulation and kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was on the island that is called Patmos for the word of God and for the testimony of Jesus Christ. – Revelation 1:9
The writer identifies himself as “I, John.” It would not have been necessary to also include the personal pronoun, “I,” (Greek ego), but by doing so, he emphasized the fact that this vision could be trusted since he was by now a very old and very respected person, and the last of the original Apostles. He had also written the Gospel of John and three letters or epistles: First, Second, and Third John.
However, when he identifies himself as “your brother,” he shows the humility of a true Christian, not lording it over them because of his age or his position, but speaking to them as a brother – a member of God’s family. What he wants to share with them is something that every family member should know.
He also speaks as a companion in the tribulation that most of them were enduring at the end of the First Century.
The word used for tribulation (Greek thlipsis) also means “persecution.” Much of the material in the Revelation is about suffering for the cause of Christ. Persecution and martyrdom are prominent themes, in chapters 2 and 3 where the history of the Church Age is depicted, Again, during the Tribulation Period, starting with the 5th chapter, we will learn about a growing number of believers who were killed for believing in the Word of God.
Christians had been persecuted since the beginning of the Church Age. In Acts chapter 4 Peter and John were threatened by authorities for preaching about Jesus. In Acts 5 Peter and other Apostles were imprisoned for their faith. In chapters 7 and 8 a young man named Stephen was arrested for sharing the Gospel, and he became the first Christian martyr. Another young man, a Pharisee named Saul, gave permission for the event, but this Saul was witness to a special revelation of the Lord Jesus on the road to Damascus (Acts 9), and he eventually became the Apostle Paul. Paul himself suffered great persecution (Acts chapters 13 to 15; 2 Timothy 3:11; 2 Corinthians 11:23-26). He was imprisoned for his missionary work while Nero was Emperor of Rome (Acts chapters 23 through 28), and according to tradition he was beheaded. Nero set fire to Rome and accused the Christians of causing the destruction.
Tradition also taught that ten of the original twelve Apostles were put to death – by sword, crucifixion, and beheading. Judas killed himself after betraying Jesus. And, according to Tertullian (AD 160-225), the Emperor Domitian tried to kill John by throwing him into a cauldron of boiling oil, but it had no effect on him. Jesus may have alluded to John’s escape from death in John 21. In verses 18-19 of that chapter Jesus gave Peter an idea of how he would have a martyr’s death. Peter then asked about John’s future.
22 Jesus said to him, “If I will that he remain till I come, what is that to you? You follow Me.”
23 Then this saying went out among the brethren that this disciple would not die. Yet Jesus did not say to him that he would not die, but, “If I will that he remain till I come, what is that to you?” – John 21:22-23
John also told the readers of this prophecy that he was a companion with them in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, The Revelation focuses on the Kingdom (Kingdom of God, Kingdom of Heaven) – See the earlier discussion about verse 5 where this issue is explained. Here is a quick review of that section: Jesus is King, and those who belong to Him are citizens of His heavenly kingdom. However, the Kingdom is still “in heaven,” and we are taught to pray that it might come to earth. This prayer will be answered when Jesus returns as King of Kings. In the meanwhile, we do have Kingdom work to do, including evangelism and discipleship. And we are ambassadors to the world while we are here.
John and his fellow-believers experienced the patience of Jesus. Jesus had demonstrated the utmost patience in His own suffering, and is still incredibly long-suffering in regard to the establishment of His kingdom on earth.
This vision was given while John was in exile on the island that is called Patmos. Since tradition says John survived the boiling oil, he was banished to the little barren volcanic island of Patmos in the Aegean Sea near Asia Minor where the Seven Churches addressed in chapters 2 and 3 of Revelation were located (modern Turkey). Like most other major religious revelations, this great vision was given to John in the setting of a wilderness experience.
John’s “crime” was his faith in Jesus Christ and his determination to share that knowledge with others. He said he had been sent to Patmos for the word of God and for the testimony of Jesus Christ. Again, “testimony” is the Greek word martus, from which we get the name “Martyr.”
9 I, John, both your brother and companion in the tribulation and kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was on the island that is called Patmos for the word of God and for the testimony of Jesus Christ.
11 saying, “I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last,” and, “What you see, write in a book and send it to the seven churches which are in Asia: to Ephesus, to Smyrna, to Pergamos, to Thyatira, to Sardis, to Philadelphia, and to Laodicea.”
image courtesy: david jeremiah
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We are now living in the absolute End Times as per biblical prophecy.
Our Lord Jesus Christ – King of Kings. 2nd Coming and return is IMMENENT!.
Please do not waist another a minute.
No matter what religion you serve, there is only one God.
If, you want to be assured that you will not have to endure the perilous times that will befall you.
Irrespective, of what sins you may have committed at any time of your life. If you humble yourself and ask for God’s forgiveness. He will forgive you and wash them all away and welcome you as his beloved son or daughter with open arms.
If you are not a child of Father God or have not asked Jesus Christ to come into your life yet?
I implore you to do this without delay.
Read this prayer of Salvation and ask God to forgive you now and accept Jesus Christ as your Lord and Saviour and you will be assured of eternal life.