Intro to Motion Graphics [1/4] | After Effects Tutorial

wow this is gonna be a long series you guys so buckle in hello and welcome back to tip touch today and for the next few weeks we’re gonna be looking at an introduction to motion graphics in After Effects I’m gonna assume you have a little bit of knowledge of After Effects I’m gonna try and keep it pretty basic but I’m gonna assume that you’ve at least opened it up and had a look around and you know where some of the buttons are to do things but apart from that this is gonna be a brand new beginner’s guide to motion graphics so let’s dive right in we’re basically gonna recreate what you just saw however I’m not going to teach you how to create it exactly because the whole point of this series is it’s not gonna be some bullshit thing that you see on YouTube where someone comes along goes I’m gonna teach you how to make this and then they don’t actually teach you how they made it they just say click this do that go there and you actually learn anything ok and that’s not what we’re about here at tip toe it’s not what we try to be about we try to be actually teaching things you know actually making new designers learn how to do things why things work the way they do and that’s what we’re gonna try and do here I’m not gonna say we succeed this is an experiment for me as much as for you but hopefully you guys can learn something so basically let’s dive right in then the first thing you’re going to want to do is make sure you’ve got your assets together now I’ve got here for example a clip of audio which is the music you heard and that’s pretty much all that I need to get started in this project now you can download this from the website as a package if you want to look around but I highly recommend that you don’t copy what I do here you use the examples that I provide to create your own work because that’s what it’s all about being creative being imaginative anyone can copy and paste there’s no point in it it’s stupid yeah like what you want to do is be able to create your own graphics create your own motion and that’s what I hope you’re going to try and teach you so let’s dive right in first thing you’re gonna want to do is create a new composition like so I’m gonna call this one tutorial current and so that we don’t get confused with only the older tutorial files I’ve got in my example here I’ll go to 60 frames per second however you can choose 30 if you’ll computer can’t quite handle it and the duration of 40 seconds is about right for what we need so let’s hit okay you can see here that we’ve now got along our timeline window we’ve got an empty timeline we’ve got our composition window here we’ve got a bunch of tools down the right you have our effects panel we have a project which carries all of the files that we need and then there’s some plugins down here now these are new if you take a look at the screen here in these effects that I’ve got open you can see that I’ve got motion – or motion V – from mount mograph which is an incredible plugin from AE scripts com I’m using ease and whiz and I’m also using decomposed text now I’m going to show you how to do this or without any plugins whatsoever because I understand you might not have the financial capabilities to pay for your own plugins that’s fine however if you do have the extra money I highly recommend getting at least a motion v2 it is fantastic and saves so much time when making motion graphics but I am gonna show you how to do it without any plugins just because I understand the nobody can will or wants to use plugins so let’s get started if you go to your layers panel whilst you have your timeline selected you can hit new solid and what this basically does it can create a background for you we’ll call it background let make sure it’s the size of our layout here and we’ll hit OK and now it’s already the right color for me because I’ve just set all this up however you can use the eyedropper to choose whatever color you’d like now what we’re gonna go through today is this first segment and we’re gonna get to there okay now let’s doesn’t seem like a lot but it doesn’t reduce a lot of ideas which is why I don’t want to overflow you in this first episode so let’s look at this chronologically then we’ve got some strokes that go around the edge of an invisible word like so we’ve got a word that pops in onto the screen that word then scales up and underlines itself and then disappears okay now that doesn’t seem like a lot but it will be enough to get started with trust me okay so the first thing you’re gonna want to be select your text tool and just type out whatever is you want to appear on screen greetings tip touches okay now as soon as you click the selection tool again you’ll notice that you have a box around your text and then this little circle with four lines coming out of it this is basically your anchor point if you edit anything on this text at the moment you’ll notice it edit it around this anchor point if we rotate it it doesn’t like that if we scale it up it does it via the anchor point for example now all this happens via the anchor point anything you do to this piece of text will happen via the anchor point okay now we don’t want it to be the what I’m left we wanted to be in the center now with motion v2 what you can do is just with your layer selected you can click one of these anchor points and it positions it to that part of the layer however if you don’t have motion v2 you can just use the Pan behind tool and you can move it manually by clicking there and dragging it around now most of you – basically saves time by just clicking it into the center then if you hit P to bring up your position of your item you can place it in the center and you know it’s exactly in the center of your composition which is really useful saves a lot of time okay so that’s good now if we click on this we notice it’s still text editable we can still change anything that we want to change like for example if I select the word tip top I want to make that yellow so I bring up my color palette which I have here hit copy and then now what this is just a website with a series of nice colors on that I use for ticked up it’s made by flat your eye colors calm it’s very good I’d recommend checking it out if any because you can click things it copies it to the clipboard and then you can paste it back inside your document here I think that if you’ve got CC you can actually use a library as well I haven’t got the hang of that yet I still prefer to do it my way but that’s the good thing about for effects there’s a thousand ways to do the same thing so it’s totally up to you how you want to do something now the way to get started is working backwards in after-effects believe it or not the best thing to do is choose what you want your final state of your animation to be say for example this and work backwards from it so let’s divvy it up into sections and the first thing we want to do is this first section here okay and what that does is a line quickly darts around the shape of the words greetings tip cutters if you can see it so they’re almost you can see it where the best frame they’re kind of those ones you can see it kind of says greetings tipped others it doesn’t matter because it goes and then pops turn you’re like oh that’s what it said okay now that’s fine we can do that but first we want to make sure that our text is gonna be the right shape and size so I’m okay with the size that doesn’t really matter but I do want to increase the space between the letters a bit so I always go over here to our character window if you can’t see any of these windows by the way you can just click window up here and you can select them and turn them on and off and they’ll appear say for example if one audio to appear it comes up there and get rid of audio again actually might be quite useful to have up we’ll keep that so I’ve selected my text and I can just increase the size between letters by clicking here let’s maybe try 50 yeah that seems about okay and now however you can see that our anchor point is slipped so and just recenter it hit position again and recenter which is why motion v2 is so fantastic just for simple things like that okay so we’ve created the way we want our text to be in its final state now we need to make a stroke around this text and get rid of the fill so that’s what we’re gonna do now if you select your layer and hit control D that duplicates it and you can hide the original one which is really useful because then you know you’ve got a version you have and hold up here basically so right click on that layer and choose create shapes from text now this basically gives you a series of shapes rather than editable fonts if I click one of these for example you can see that I get a text shape that I can’t edit whereas if I hide that layer reveal the text one if I click on it I can actually select and change the type if I want to okay I understand now let’s hide the text layer and keep the shape layer up for the moment you can see now that we’ve got slightly different options along the top we have a fill and we have a stroke so if I double click the fill you can see that you can actually give all of this text color okay and make it all the color you want we don’t want that though we want a stroke and that basically makes a line around the edge of your shape okay so if you alt click the color on fill it basically takes you through a number of options and you want on with a line for it and that means nothing no fill okay and then you go to stroke and you choose the color you want and hit OK and it gives you a stroke of an automatic width now 2 pixels is about right for me it’s a 50 so that you can see now that our text our shapes has a line around it with no field however it has all become yellow so if we go up here and click on layer if you hit you that collapses it which is quite handy and then we can basically zoom in and select our individual letters just miss click there select our individual letters and choose the ones that we want to have a white stroke on them I think I’m gonna leave that slightly and then leave the ones that we want to make sure have a yellow stroke now it may be better if we just lock this layer here might be able to click and drag gonna happen ok what we do then to make this bit easier to make it all white and then click these individuals here just a few less things to click and make those yellow so you could double click on side there go to our color pallet hit yellow and paste now like I said earlier I may be going a bit fast but this is because I don’t want you to copy me okay I want you to make your own thing so you should be pausing and playing the video and sort of doing this then coming back to it this isn’t a follow along okay so you’ve got your outlines now with two pixels it’s got question mark because we’ve got two different colors there and now we want to learn how to make these – around like they did in this video okay and that’s actually very simple so what you want to do is click this little twelve down arrow here and choose the add button this basically adds a property to this layer and we want to add the property trim path okay and you’ll notice that it expands your layers to all of your individual shapes and adds on the bottom of them a trim path which if you twelve down has a start and end and offset now they have these little stop watches and these basically create keyframes and keyframes is how you do animation within After Effects so if you hit the start and you hit end on the stopwatch that generates keyframes for you okay now this creates some diamonds in the timeline and this is basically saying this in exactly how it looks now I want to create a state of existence that I can then change at a later point okay so if we were to move along the timeline by selecting control shift and then the arrow keys that basically needs you along ten frames video that’s six times that moves us along a second because we’re on sixty frames per second and then we need to hit the keyframes again like so it creates two more okay now at the moment we haven’t made any changes so it doesn’t look like any animation is taking place but say for example would you click this arrow to move to our last keyframe and we were to make both the start and end point at 100% it looks like the text has disappeared and that’s because what has happened on each individual letter it’s created a start point say here and an end point here and it’s that line around it is assigned a number of spaces in between so that when you drag like so it all comes back okay so now we want our end point to be completely invisible and we want to start pointing to be completely invisible but opposite ends of the spectrum okay so we want 0% and 0% animating 100% 100% now it looks like in the moment nothing is happening and that’s because the zero and the hundred are happening at the same time the start and end points so they’re catching up with each other if that makes sense and to explain that I can just offset these and you’ll immediately get wide me if I hit alt and then write that basically shift the keyframes are love I do it by about three frames and now if we drag through you’ll notice that our white lines appear okay and there’s three frames of width on them okay if that makes sense if we were to play it our lines now animate okay now it looks a bit boring because there’s no easing like there is on this other one here okay that goes from like super fast to super slow yeah now these ones sort of just animate a constant speed which is a bit boring so we’re thinking okay how do we animate that to timing we don’t know what we are working with this is where your piece of music comes in if I go to my assets folder over here I have my audio graph and I’ve had to drag that down to the timeline I can add it on and if I el a couple of times it brings up the waveform of that audio now if we were to hit play okay it plays the audio and plays an animation but it still doesn’t look right okay it looks kind of boring and that’s because we want to add some easing to these key frames right so if i zoom in a little here so we can see a bit better there are two ways to do this one of them is with the motion v2 plug-in and one of them is manually I’ll show you manually and then I’ll show you how quick the motion v2 plugin makes it so basically we want to make it start very fast and anime out to slow which is fine if we right click on these keyframes with them selected and choose keyframe assistant easy ease that gives you little egg timers instead of diamonds what that does is it basically eases it in all source lines in that animation to make it go from slow to speeding up and then speeding up back down to slow to give it a bit of weight okay so if we look at that again now okay it’s all starts off slow and then speeds up and slows down again now for a visual aid of that you can select your keyframes and choose this graph editor here and it brings up the keyframes is the same information just display in a slightly different way okay now if we were to select these points on this graph gives you little handles and you can see that the line represents speed goes from it all the way up and all the way back down again so slowly into fast and then falls back down touch okay like that now if you want activate from fast to slow in general so app it fast and slow out you can just select these keyframes and drag the little handles to adjust the speed or the influence of the graph so you could drag this hand all the way out so now it’ll go fast slow like that and if you want you could drag these all the way in so that it’s going from the fastest possible all the way to slow now if we watch that again see it so gives it the moment it follows the method of the music bit more okay now if we were to leave these unadjusted you can see they’re still starts load that goes very fast to slow again after that okay spit more though rather than yeah kind of hard to explain but you can get the feel of it why don’t you start doing it yourself and I want it to be completely fast going down to slide now that took a long time yeah to do that which is a kind of a pain so I’m gonna show how quick it is to do with motion v2 now it sounds like I’m selling this and I suppose I am but I’m not being paid to sell it I just think it’s fucking great if I hit ctrl and then click these keyframes that basically removes everything we’ve done it returns them to their default value okay now everything that we just did can be done in one click you go over to here to these sliders and you have easing in easing out sorry easing in and out and easing in here so you can just slide these and this is the degree to which you want that to happen so if I slide in all the way to the top and let go BAM you’ve just achieved the exact same effect and if we go to the graph editor you can see here it’s create the exact same effect that we just didn’t manually apartment does it all for you so this as quick as that yeah much easier so motion v2 everyone hi direct means you get it but the first way I did it is if you don’t have a motion v2 and don’t want it let’s move on then so we’ve done this first bit what happens after that let’s go and check so our text comes in and then pops in from the bottom of the screen okay like this and slides in that’s nice and easy to do now this is why it was good that we saved our text layer okay so now what we can do is just make this text layer visible hit P to bring up position and then we’re going to make some new keyframes in the same way that we just did for the outlines apart from the since all we want to do is change the position here it’s very simple so we want to go to the point and the music where it actually hits it’s the impact here so now if I click and scrub you can see the audio doesn’t play however if I do that with control held it plays the music for you now luckily this is quite impactful music so you can see the spike like so so we can just position our keyframe here and we know that this is where we want our animation to pop to start so we hit position keyframe that stopwatch it generates a keyframe for you we can hit control shift and right to move 10 frames and we do that five times or six times to get to yeah one two three four five six miscounted there to move a second in time and then we hit another keyframe so this is where we want it to end up so we make sure that’s our second keyframe and then we go back to the first one and we move it so we can hold shift and press down and that moves it on the screen okay so then we were to do this it animates between those two keyframes and moves it in a position okay so now if we select both of those we can do it manually by making this little bit cooler right click keyframe assistant easy ease graph editor select frames drag drag or that does this okay or we can do this it has all of that for you okay now imagine have to do that 50,000 times in a project it’s much quicker we use motion v2 okay now if you want to you can then go back into that graph and edit it a little bit say for example here I’d want it to pop a bit more I can do that nice and easily okay so you can still adjust it you’re not locked in it just makes it snappy and really easy to do now I also found that in the PV a lot better when it popped into existence after it begin moving already okay so it looks like really snappy the way to do that is with these colored bars you’ve noticed these color bars on each layer and they basically say if you can see the colored bar at this point in time it means that the object that the bar is associated with is visible okay so if I were to click the end of this and drag it if you see when we reach the blue timeline bar if you move past it it’s disappeared down because it hasn’t started yet and when there catches up with that red bar it turns it on now the good thing is this doesn’t affect your animation you do all the keyframes and changing the start in and out points doesn’t affect that animation at all okay so you can click and drag like that or if you want to you can use a shortcut alt and then open square bracket to create the start in point and then you can do alt and close square bracket to create the out point now we don’t actually want the out point to disappear yet so we’ll leave that open but you can see now yeah it’s kind of created exactly the effect that we want now this moves a lot more than the previous version previously it is quite slow this one that’s because we’ve done the position too much now the good thing about After Effects is that it doesn’t lock it in until you render it I can just go back to this first keyframe here make sure it’s selected and move it and you can see that this little line represents the line of motion okay and I can adjust that all the way down here if I want to or I can shift it all the way back up so any moves a little bit and then I also find with this animation particularly if you move a few frames past where the animation starts and then have the frame clip in like so it really does add to that emphasis it’s already started moving before it’s visible so if we were to look at this for example and bring this back you can see that it still moves okay on those first few frames but if he said it here it doesn’t come visible until it started moving so you see that bit more funky maybe not that much perfect okay so what happens after that then after that it scales up and underlines it okay and that’s we’re gonna look at now so this is nice and simple basically we’ve got our position keyframe on this layer if you hit shift and s that adds the scale property to position if we just hit s it will just replace scale with position the keyframes are still there you just haven’t got them visible so if I hit P it brings back the position keyframe yeah it’s still there if it s it disappears now if I hit P and shift s it adds both so you know you control both in the same sort of time okay so when the next beat comes in there okay we want this text to scale up so we can just hit keyframe on scale we move 60 frames control shift one two three four five six right arrows and then we hit the scale keyframe again okay and then this time you want it to animate from smaller to bigger so on the second keyframe we just animate it by going 100% move that to 120 okay and then again the easing looks boring so we can select those and click ease like crazy free lovely what I want to do is make that bit more snappy so you go to the graph editor and just shift that along and then great it shifted up you notice in this other version here we’ve got a rectangle that underlines it like say yeah look at that kind of this comes in starts at zero stretches itself out to underline the phrase now that’s super easy to do so what we want to do is go to our last keyframe because then we know this is how we want it to end up yeah and we draw how we want it to finish first that’s very important so we don’t want to stroke on this once if we hit alt click we can make that stroke off and if we click fill and hit okay with now when we draw without any layers so that did this is important if you draw with the layer selected for example you actually create a mask for that layer you can see that you can hide and unhide things depend on shape we don’t want that we want to create a shape just make sure you’ve got no layers select and then you can actually draw a rectangle rather than a mask for that layer so we get the shape roughly right that we want it to finish in okay you can see the anchor point is at the center of the stage rather than the center of the shape so we can just redo that here again if you don’t have that plug in you can use the Pan behind tool and you can you can adjust it that way but we’re using motion v2 so we can do that like so if we hit P let’s bring up position and put it in the middle of the stage now because we haven’t made any keyframes yet this isn’t animating it this is just positioning it okay if we were making a keyframe then moved it around that would animate everything so we position it to be roughly where we want it to be in final that’s about good but I want it to be a bit thinner so we can shift that down a bit okay that looks nice what we want to do now then is make sure that this animates with the text that we just made but we don’t really want to spend our time making sure all the keyframes are lined up and it’s animated perfectly and stuff we just want this to be nice and easy so let’s drag it below here so that we know that those two items are linked and to reinforce that we can choose a different color by clicking here and giving them the same color as each other you can go Brown for example a nice horrible brown or we can go orange or something like that to reinforce these shapes are sort of linked together what you do then is you make sure you’re on your keyframe with your final point and with your shape layer selected which will just cool underline you grab this whip here and if you click and drag you see you get a little blue line that comes out with it and if you hover over a layer it brings up a box and if you let go whilst that box is over the layer its highs this layer to this meaning whatever is animated on this layer here that line will follow it okay you see so that’s got a shifting scale on that line now even though if we go to scale here there are no keyframes and that’s because it’s tied to that other layer okay so if we go to this / – I’ll keyframe and we click this little chain here – unconstrained the proportions which basically means we can edit width independently from height if we were to go and create two keyframes like so and then move to the first one and drag this scale down to zero okay and then we’d to move it the scale would increase from zero to whatever it was I think 83 okay but it’s still still is tied to the other key frames on the other layer so you can see that it’s actually scaling with that tech steel as well as now scaling independently of itself okay so if we just an add the easing to that like so you zoom in there – do it properly like that and then this one – like that you can see there’s snaps in that because they’re nice and punchy but at this scale animation here is independent from this scale animation here okay if you understand so now let’s take a look at what we’ve done now this is where I’ve messed up here I’ve accidentally slipped this further along by a whole beat sent me so this is actually a great opportunity to explain about moving layers so you can see from here for example I’ve done it all quickly a puff much done a bit too late so if I select this layer now and this layer by shift-clicking and I click and drag excuse me someone posting the Facebook there if I click and drag this I can actually move in time the entire layer you notice that all of the keyframes are moving with it and what I can do is I can just position this over this audio clip there and I can then click and drag to align that animation to it okay and then this layer independently and the keyframes from the layer above if you click and drag keyframes you can move those without moving the layer again it’s all independent from each other and then I can just position that over the next bit BAM like that and make sure that those are aligned and then when I go to play it okay perfect now I think that’s enough for today there should be enough feud guys to be getting on with now like I said I don’t want you copying me I want you to create your own sort of thing with this so just why I’ll try to explain the process behind it a bit more than actually just telling you what to do click here do this etc now let me explain something I’m gonna be releasing these weekly but obviously I’m recording them all in one batch so what I’m gonna do is end the first episode here and then in the week leading up to the next episode if you have any questions you can leave them in the comments below and I’ll answer them there then when the next episode comes out you can follow along with the next bit with hopefully it’s a bit of extra knowledge that I’ve been able to tell you about via the comments section so let me know if you guys like this if you’re enjoying it I’m definitely gonna finish this series at least but hopefully I’ll be able do a few more but I think we’ve done a lot of progress today doesn’t seem like a lot we’ve actually covered a lot of sort of basics here ok we’ve covered keyframes we’ve covered easing we’ve covered layers we’ve covered in and out points we’ve covered moving without creating keyframes there’s lots of things going on we’ve covered texture colour shape so what’s this scene sort of like well with another three seconds of animation we’ve actually covered quite a bit so make sure you tune in next time when we’re going to move on to the next part of the tutorial with all this interesting stuff going on here okay we’re gonna get to the end of that screen next time so make sure you join me you guys and I’ll see you all next time remember to subscribe for more tips tricks and tutorials thanks for watching

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