Chuck Missler Revelation Session 05 Chapter 2 12-17 The Letter To The Church Of Pergamos

You let’s do something radical let’s open the word prayer Oh father we just thank you that we can meet like this in peace without harassment to study a word we thank you Father for this incredible privilege were sensitive that in most of the world for most the last nineteen hundred years most of the body of Christ has been under persecution father we just thank you that you have allowed us the blessings of our heritage and the freedom to do this very thing we do pray father that you would open our hearts and lives to your word and your word to our lives that and all these things we might grow that through these precious letters of Jesus himself we might come to know him better and to know more clearly what he would have of us in the days that remain as we commit ourselves this evening into your hands the name of Yeshua it’s our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ amen but we’re studying the book of Revelation and the most important part of that book we feel is chapters two and three so we’re spending very careful attention to those and we are going to be exploring tonight the third of seven letters by Jesus Christ to his churches a letter to the church at Pergamos and it’s the fifth of 24 sessions but just by way of warm-up and review we’re dealing in it’s the revelation notice that it’s singular the word and the Greek means the unveiling of Jesus Christ and it’s the consummation of all things it’s the only book of the Bible it has the audacity to announce a special blessing on the reader or the listener and no other book in the Bible has singles itself out the way this book does and our 404 verses in the book that include within them 800 more than 800 allusions from the Old Testament alone and I mention that because one of the reasons it may sound strange to our ears is because most of us don’t know the Old Testament like we should the more you understand the Old Testament the more comfortable this book becomes and it presents the climax of God’s plan for man as I looked at the slide in the in the earlier today I thought gee that’s not the way I want to say it it’s not the man that you and me mr.

And mrs. man if you will it’s the climax of God’s plan for you and for me and so it’s a very very key book to strange that this book with all that’s got going for it is the least studied the least preached on book from the pulpits of America but one of the things we did last time I thought I just mentioned here to put in perspective we had a little background err on the Olivet discourse which is that that famous discourse that was response to four disciples coming to Jesus and asking him about a second coming and it is his response is recorded in Matthew 24 mark 13 and Luke 21 and in each of those accounts there’s a group of signs that emerge very prominently within each presentation and these lists of signs the emergence of false Christ’s wars nation against nation Kingdom against Kingdom and so forth famines death and martyrs and and ultimately global chaos those signs are highlighted in Matthew and Luke and Mark but they also would become very prominent to us when we get to Revelation chapter 6 the same pattern is there then that’s noted by most scholars but the matthew accounts familiar to most of us that have studied prophecy since Matthew took short hand most of us tend to lean on Matthew’s very detailed account and for this for 1,700 years scholars have assumed that all those are talking about the same presentation and it’s called harmony the harmonization of the Gospels among other things and it’s interesting if we stand back and set aside our presuppositions we notice that Luke’s account is actually quite different than Matthews and there and that generates a great deal of confusion in fact when you get to Luke when Matthew goes through his present tation he mentions those signs and then shall the domination of desolation occur and then and then and then it’s up most of what talks about comes after that group of signs but if you look at what Luke says sir about verse 11 says a great earthquake she’ll be in diverse places famines pestilences and fearful signs and great signs will be from heaven but I want you to notice what he says those next four words but before all these shall they lay hands on you and persecute you and delivering you up to the synagogues and prisons and so forth most of what Luke says focuses on what occurs before those signs what Matthew talks about occurs after those signs and therein lies a glimmer of insight and they have different emphases Luke says before all these signs matthew says all these the beginning of Sorrows then shall they etc and they’re talking in reference to this series of signs false Christ’s wars famines earthquakes what’s interesting is that Luke’s emphasis is before those signs Matthews after those signs and once that you understand that suddenly the fog begins to lift if we take Luke’s account and Matthews and put them side-by-side verse by verse we’ll discover that they all talked about wars famines earthquakes and so forth and they also climax at the end with some cosmic upheaval and so forth and the second coming of Christ etc but what Luke talks about in most of his presentation occurs before those signs and he’s talking about the fall of Jerusalem in 70 AD and that’s well recognized with scholars in fact many scholars so focus on that they take the position that all the rest of it has already been fulfilled in 70 AD which is patently not true you only can the only way you can hold that view is to allegorize all the rest of it and so when Matthew talks about after those signs he then says then shall be the de Bhama nation of desolation a very specific thing that Jesus focuses on and so forth that all comes after that and he that ushers in a period of time that Jesus himself labels as the Great Tribulation he’s quoting from Daniel 12 and this is desolation number 2 in other words we have to desolations of Jerusalem in view Luke is talking about one earlier Matthew one after those signs two different ones and so the first generation is Luke says this generation shall not pass away to all be fulfilled then it’s 38 years later from that point that Jerusalem Falls the 38 years being very significant because that’s exactly the length of the generation that wandered in the wilderness before Kadesh Barnea and all that so when Matthew talks about this generation shall not pass he’s talking about the last generation and how long is that we don’t know because unless those days are shortened there should no flesh be saved so it’s a totally different thing altogether in any case where we’re that’s just by way of summary the main reason I bring this up in this study is because clearly the seven letters and seven churches occur after the fall of Jerusalem because that fell in 70 AD and this is these letters are being written about 95 96 ad about 20 years later and yet they obviously occur prior to these wars famines earthquakes and so forth and so that’ll become even more significant as we get into more and more of the prophetic aspects of the seven letters but that’s all it’s interesting as you reflect on all of this that Luke is writing to Gentiles and he’s focusing the Gentile Christians on what’s coming and during when the station and his son Titus were mopping up in the North up in Tiberias and these various cities Nero had told the station to bring war against the Jews and he was doing that but about 96 ad Nero dies and the station ends up getting tangled up in the Rome politics and he ends up emerging as the Emperor of the Roman Empire he leaves his son Titus to attack Jerusalem in which he does since the siege up that causes ugly Jerusalem to fall but there’s a hiatus in that siege and Eusebius among others points out that the Christians that heard this presentation knew that when they were when the armies were coming to get out of town they did they went to a place called Pella in north patria and there are some scholars believe that know in in spite the fact that 1,100,000 were killed in the fall Jerusalem Christians were because that they followed Jesus directions they were out of there before the siege sealed enough and all that trauma and that Josie we have a detailed first-hand account of it all and Josephus if you’re in Sidon reading his stuff on called the wars of the Jews and so on in any case that’s just by way of review from last time let’s just get back to the book of Revelation to whom was the book given this is many people don’t read the first sentence it’s the revelation of Jesus Christ which God gave unto whom Jesus Christ in exactly no wonder is such a treasure to show unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass and he sent and he saina fied it signified it is a rendering it into signs or semi mess and one of the things that first got me excited about the Bible as a my young teens was a lecturer that was speaking a series he point out the whole Book of Revelations in code but every code is explained somewhere else in the Bible I thought wow that’s interesting what a treasure hunt Medina was that changed my life but in case it is signified or signed and every sign is explained somewhere most of right in the book itself many elsewhere that’s what takes takes you from those 400 verses into the 800 of allusions of the Old Testament for example okay but here’s the promise that we’re going to claim tonight you and I we’re here together for verse 3 of chapter 1 blessed is he that readeth and they that hear the words of this prophecy and keep those things which are written therein for the time is at hand John to the seven churches which are in Asia now well this whole book was sent to seven key churches seven churches strange why these churches because there are over a hundred churches that were active in those days why these seven because Jesus picked these seven because of their incredible appropriateness as we’ll discover as we get into them not only for that day but throughout all of history John to the seven churches which are in Asia that’s the cut that’s the province of Asia not Asia as we times use the term continental II it’s essentially that region we call Turkey grace unto you and peace from him who which is which was and which is to come in the seven spirits which are before his throne and from Jesus Christ who is the faithful witness the first begotten of the Dead the Prince of the kings of the earth unto him that loved us and watched from our sins in his own blood these are a few of seven labels that Jesus introduces of himself and those labels will be identity pieces throughout the rest of the book and we’ll link that up as we go in Chapter one we have an introduction we have the salutation and the occasion where he’s on Pappa Patton’s life we have a description of Jesus Christ vision of him with the risen Christ is described by John as a season but then we have verse 19 which is very precious it’s the only book I know of in the Bible it gives you its outline usually when you take a book to study the first thing you do what you want to do is outline it well John has done that for you and so we’ll take a look at this John is told to write three things write the things which thou hath seen and that’s obviously the allusion to the physical description of Christ that precedes these verses and the things which are present tense purses passions and things which exist right now and the things which shall be Hereafter and obviously the vision of Christ of the things he had seen by time he gets that verse the things which are the seven churches in chapters 2 and 3 and then the things that are after the seven churches which shall be and we’ll get into that of course we get chapter four but the point is for you and I the most important part of the entire book and it’s a fantastic book but the most important part is chapters two and three because that affects you and me from chapter four on I believe we’ll be watching it from the mezzanine okay but we’re going to focus our attention on these seven churches at they’ll and that then that chapter closes with a couple of lessons here Jesus says the mystery of the Seven Stars which thou sawest my right hand the seven golden lampstands the seven stars are the angels of the seven churches and the seven lampstands which thou sawest are the seven churches so here’s an example where these idioms are used earlier in the chapter but before the chapter closes they’re explained to you and we’re going to find these little explanations all through the book most of the critical symbols are explained for you in the book as we go others are allusions from the Old Testament that are easily easily chased down now these seven churches that’s why these seven is a key question you need to come to grips with each of the letters has a common phrase that closes the letter we find this strange phrase he that hath an ear let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches this phrase occurs seven times here of course with the seven letters it also occurs seven times elsewhere in the New Testament and I’ll let you chase that down as a treasure hunt but this tells us there are at least four levels of application or interpretation of these letters the first is local these were real churches as we get into this we’ll spend a little bit of time on identifying just where they were what their problems were what their history was they were real local churches these were not fictions these are not parables they’re not just little idiomatic stories you get a point across they were real live churches at the time but as we learn we discover these seven letters our report cards on each of these churches there’s seven report cards and you notice this Holy Spirit says he that hath an ear let him hear what the Spirit says to the church says plural let’s not forget as we go through these that each letter is applicable to every church I don’t know what church you’re going to but I can tell you there is there are elements of all seven in your church 10% of this and 70% of that maybe or whatever but the point is if you understand those seven letters you can map spiritually the condition of any church and so that’s so they’re all we it’ll be easy for sit on the sidelines say oh those guys did this and didn’t do that you know well hey be careful because then we may see that same thing going on in the mirror when we shave in the morning so that leads us to it says he that hath an ear and always asking on how many of you have your lobes how many broad earlobes thick okay that it’s written to you personally despite what church you might belong to he that hath an ear let him hear what the Spirit says the churches so this there’s a personal application or what could be formally called a homiletic application hopefully you will take away from these studies an insight into your own personal report card before the Lord Jesus Christ well those three if that was all that was here that would be plenty that’s rich material terrific but there is a little icing on the cake there’s a fourth level that frankly is astonishing it’s absolutely stunning it’s the kind of thing that I won’t try to sell you you need to see it for yourself but I think what you’ll discover is there’s a fourth level a prophetic implication it turns out that these seven letters lay out a history of the church the book of Acts covered about 30 years book of Revelation covers about 2,000 and it lays it all out in advance you’ll be able to figure out where we are historically in that line as we go and so it’s a it’s it’s fun stuff now we’ll discover that each of the letters have seven elements there’s the name of the church and the name of the church will be a clue to what that letters main theme is each letter each of the seven has a particular theme a particular focus some good news some bad news some exhortation so with the title that Jesus uses of himself is selected by him the title he picks is relevant to that church’s need he’s got seven to choose from and he chooses that title of himself that fits the situation well we can turn this around as we understand the title he’s using it helps us draw an inference as to what is the issue that’s really lurking under the surface with this church then there’s a commendation he mentions the church and he mentions the title of himself and then he starts the report card the first element is here’s the good news visit these are the things you’ve done well well done on this and this and this and this but then there’s also expression of concern you’re not doing this this and this and that leads of course to an exhortation or a challenge repent do this through this you follow me so report card what’s interesting to get ahead of the story a little bit when we do all seven we’ll be able to look back and conclude that every one of the churches was surprised the ones that thought they were doing well we’re not doing well the ones that were doing thought they were doing poorly we’re doing better and the humbling thing about that is whatever we perceive of our church is probably wrong places that we think we’re not doing well enough we might be doing in the Lord’s eyes better than we give ourselves credit for and on the other hand there’s places we think we’re doing pretty well that we may be overlooking what you really want so that these are sobering issues each letter has a promise to the individual overcomer each one’s distinctive but consistent with the theme of the letter of course and then we have this closing phrase he that hath an ear let him hear what the Spirit says the churches it’s almost like a marker at the end of the letter except it has some strange exceptions well we went through the we’re in the third of the first three and we went through Ephesus the name meant the desired one and they were doing well on doctrine they got rid of people who were heretics but they the thing concern was they had lost their first love what the main theme of that letter is that Jesus desires devotion not just doctrine and that’s really the theme to the to the the letter to the Ephesians and then we had the promise the overcomer but when we got through all this we noticed something strange about the structure of that letter the promise to the overcomer was like a PS it’s after the close of the letter now where I can make a big thing of this now but I want you to notice this before we get through all seven because we’re going to come back to that whole to the issue of the architecture Smyrna the same thing we went through Smyrna means more suggestive of embalming or death all the way through that letter is this a cloud of persecution that hung over Smyrna in fact we notice something very interesting about Smyrna that you wouldn’t notice unless you’ve been outlining this carefully there’s a piece missing there’s a piece missing there is no concern it’s one of two letters of the seven and which there is nothing negative said virtually all the letters are something good in something bad two of the letters have nothing bad about them nothing of concern no it’s an aid report card and Smyrna is one of them two of the two of the churches have nothing good said about them Laodicea and one other that will surprise you but we’re getting here the story so we’re en Pergamus the third of now we also said these letters have a prophetic profile Ephesus as we examined it would seem to fit the Epis taluk Church very appropriate to the Church of that for a century smyrna clearly was the persecuted church and because enduring such persecution Jesus is ever gonna lay anything else on you just hang in there it’s basically a story never give up if I can steal my wife’s title to her new book never give up that’s basically the message to Smyrna well what about Pergamus let’s take a look at Pergamus Pergamus is the city of the serpent whoo-hoo that’s spooky Pergamus is the feminine form Pergamum some of your Bibles may use is the neuter form of the same name as both are use don’t let that throw you Pergamus is about 48 miles north of Smyrna Ephesus the first one we studied was the great political center of Smyrna was the great commercial center Pergamus is the great religious center and as it just by way of summary and prior to Alexander the Great it really wasn’t much it was just a castle on top of the hill its foundation goes way back and I won’t take you through all of that the would just keep moving its name is said to be derived from Sun Epirus and drum occur which made himself King by killing the king in a single combat and what-have-you but the early history about 301 BC and taking this defeated at the battle of ipsus in Northwest Asia Minor then was United to the Thracian kingdom of Lhasa MCUs Murray when Alexander the Great died four generals divided it up this region fell to lascivious but it had an impregnable position so it was useful as a Treasury that makes it start to become important commercially but one of the generals of Lhasa MCUs under him betrayed himself to his rival Seleucus and so there was some chicanery but in any case subsequent rulers to this area established themselves as a major dominant power in Asia Minor bear it bear in mind that’s the Roman designation of what we would consider two-thirds of Turkey if you will and it became a major Centre for Greek culture but they had the perception to ally themselves very early with Rome as Rome begins to rise over the Greeks they elide early with Rome they became extremely wealthy and prosperous as a result of that and the official capital of the Roman province of Asia for 200 years but there they didn’t have proximity to the main trade routes so they eventually yielded that leadership to their rival Ephesus but these are important cities all three of them after the Smyrna and Pergamus in that in throughout that early history it’s about 48 miles north of Smyrna about 18 miles from the sea the other two ones we looked at were Harbor situations this one is not it’s in it there’s a city presently in Turkey called bergamot which has a population about four to two thousand but it was much larger back in the New Testament period about two hundred thousand the estimate interestingly enough zeus the god zeus is said among the greeks to have been born there and to celebrate that there’s a huge huge altar it’s a almost eight hundred feet above the ground I mean on a cliff for true burns there and it was over about 100 by 100 125 115 feet that’s a huge flat altar up there it’s over 50 feet high it’s set on a colonnaded enclosure but all of this is about 800 feet above the valley floor very very prominent very very well known temple to Zeus if you will to give you a feeling of the geography Pat misses the middle of the bottom of the screen there I put Athens in Istanbul on the map just so you get a reference here Athens to the left an boat near the top but you can see where Ephesus was we expect to fatness and thence north of that about 38 miles of smyrna and then about 48 miles north of that as pergamus just to give you a rough feeling of the geography and so one of the venerated idols in Pergamos was escalade pious and the caduceus was the official emblem of the city this you’ve seen it many many times with the two-headed snake on a pole and see escalade pious is considered the god of healing among other things many of the early records seem to indicators is elevated higher than just that but in any case that was his main identity and I think most scholars recognize that the legend of escape escape of escapist derives from numbers 21 we’ve talked about that before in this study nobody remember the brazen serpent that Moses set up there so it the yttrium that that whole idea of the brazen serpent is weird but it doesn’t make any sense until it’s explained to us by Jesus Christ in John chapter 3 that brass serpent that was made by Moses in numbers 21 was still around in the days of Hezekiah so much so he had to destroy it we’ll take a look at that back at numbers 21 the Lord sent fiery serpents among the people and they bit the people and much people Israel died therefore the people came to Moses and said we have sinned for we have spoken against the Lord against the prey unto the Lord that he may take away the Serpent’s from us and Moses prayed for the people the Lord said unto Moses make the a fiery Serpent set it upon a pole and it shall come to pass that every one that is bitten when he looketh upon it shall live and Moses made a serpent of brass put it on upon a pole came to pass that if a serpent had bitten any man when he beheld the serpent of brass he lived now that’s a very great that was great save the lives but you have to stand back and say it’s pretty weird that’s kind of a strange way these people are dying if they will look at this pole with a brass serpent on they’ll be healed like that now if you’re in the Old Testament that’s you got a scratch your head and wonder what’s going on there and it’s interesting we don’t really understand it until you get to John when he’s being visited by Nicodemus I see maybe Jesus when he’s in the Gospel of John give John 3 when he’s when Jesus is being visited by Nicodemus at night Jesus says to Nicodemus as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness even so must the Son of Man be lifted up that whosoever believeth in him should not perish but ever have eternal life so suddenly we begin to realize why God did that back in number 21 because it was a sign an anticipatory sign of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ I don’t think Moses knew that I think most prophets going through the centuries may not have understood why it isn’t till you get to John chapter 3 that Jesus lifts the fog by saying it’s a sign pointing to the cross 3 what he’s saying in fact not only is that true this very discussion with Nicodemus leads to the most well-known verse in the entire Bible what’s John for God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son that whosoever believeth in him should not perish but have everlasting life and so that’s really their appended to the explanation of the numbers 21 and so John all of you know what I’m sure what you may not realize in 2nd Kings 18 came to pass and thirty of Hosea the son of LK the king of Israel that Hezekiah the son of Ahaz king of Judah began to reign 25 years old was he when he began to reign he reigned 20 and 9 years in Jerusalem his mother’s name also as a be the daughter of Zechariah and he did that which was right in the side of the Lord according to all that David his father did this is good news because not all the good Kings were he’s following a really bad news guy Manasseh in the rest of it but anyway he removed the high places now just the bad these are idolatrous places he braked the images he cut down the groves these are these phallic symbols they made out of trees all the paganism that had prospered under Manasseh his predecessor and he break in pieces the brazen serpent that Moses had made for in those days the children Israel did burn incense to it in other words this brass serpent that had occurred that was so prominent numbers 21 had become a fetish it probably has a has a relationship to them that the Shroud of Turin has to some people today there’s a danger in these things especially if they’re authentic I don’t feel out of turn is the fennec or not Ben’s dangerous if it really is people will tend to focus on that rather than the Lord Jesus Christ what what Sakaya did he crushed it he wrote it he says he called it nahusha on which means a thing of brass he destroyed it to avoid people venerating this artifact it was it was becoming in effect an idol we got to be careful the interesting lessons here while the legend of escape escape escalade pious is of course the derivative of that often featured as a pole with a snake on it and you know I know if I made that clear see a snake as a symbol of sin a brass brass was the liver the metal that could sustain heat so brass speaks of judgment it’s idiomatically in the in the Levitical things the idea of a brazen serpent on a pole is expression of sin being judged and Jesus Christ on that cross was made sin for us Paul tells us so that’s where the idioms tied together but in any case the legend escalade pious is of course venerated in many many of the ancient things always a snake on a pole and even today it’s astonishing how many American Medical Association others have a snake on a pole as a symbol of the medical profession and many of the articles will say that comes from s you know the legends of escalade penis but that in turn comes from something even earlier it comes from numbers 21 we together so far it gets worse and he had been recognized as the son of us Apollo in their in their system and so forth and they actually felt he had the power to avert death and he was represented in by the Anatolians that’s the predecessors in Turkey by as a serpent the Greeks later depict him is holding her me staff that’s the caduceus many people use that term to represent either one but technically a caduceus is one with two snakes the caduceus has a two-headed snake on it but the greeks using the caduceus are venerating hermes hermes is the god of commerce not medicine so always amused by that when i see a license plate you know with a doctor if he has a caduceus on it that means he’s commercial right so the hermes is the God of Commerce and the caduceus that was the official emblem of pergamus interestingly enough and so we have all kinds of caduceus you see around here they have actually studied 242 logos of American organizations relating to health or medicine and the caduceus or the staff of Escalade are used in most of those obviously and from the 70s in 1973 1980s and the study was kind of interesting because professional associations more likely use the staff aesculapius sixty-two percent while the commercial organizations about seventy six percent use the caduceus exception is for hospitals thirty seven percent use the staff Aesculapius versus sixty three for the caduceus but remember hospitals usually commercial anyway but it’s kind of interesting so I I’m not sure that’s a want to hit that too hard but I thought she’d get a kick out of that when you see the two-headed snake you’re talking about the god of Commerce in cotton in contrast to the god of healing okay but they also in and program has had health institutions which dealt with this is presumably started by Hippocrates he it for about eight hundred years they featured mostly psychiatric kinds of things psychological things sleep was induced by priests and using drugs and other things and it was it was a obviously very close mix of attempts at healing and attempts and their religious structure well let’s get into the letter to Pergamos and to the Angel of the church pergamus right now the word pergamus is a combined combination of two words in the Greek the per as a prefix means mixed or objectionable we use that like pervert or perturbation it’s something that’s unanticipated or different it’s it’s inappropriate is the idea and the the suffix gamos means marriage you speak of monogamy bigamy polygamy that suffix refers to marriage so pergamus means mixed marriage or objectionable marriage strangely enough that’s not the only read the word pergo can also mean hi so some of this also can mean in the Greek a high marriage like many of these things there’s work plays on words in each direction but on to the angel the church but very right away we see Pergamus we can suggest that that implies a inappropriate marriage is going to be in part of the letter and then Jesus uses of his title next comes these things saith he which hath the sharp sword with two edges remember in the earth chapter one that was one of the attributions to Jesus Christ what is the sharp sword with two edges the Word of God and that’s going to turn out to be the primary remedy to the situation that emerges in pergamus well we starts then he starts with his report card I know thy works just like you did several the other letters I know that works Jesus knows what we’re doing better than we do says I know thy works and where thou dwellest even where Satan’s seat is who is that literal where do these studies you know III know people come up to check you know II was his seat literally there I believe it was I’ll show you why see we’ve got to remember only God is omnipresent the angels aren’t they’re local they have locality demons aren’t they have look at strangely you know you think they’re spirit beings they can be anywhere no we learn from the scripture that even demons have boundaries you river Euphrates for certain reasons and in Daniel 10 we get strange glimpses so they have locality strangely enough in any case Satan can’t be everywhere at once it may seem like that at times because he’s got a lot of help even more Satan see this and that holds fast my name you know it’s interesting every time God talks about his name it’s always singular the name itself is Elohim it can be a plural form referring to the Trinity but when God speaks of my name throughout the Bible it’s singular didn’t say my name’s he has several renderings of his name’s make list of those but the concept of his name is singular his authority his person his reality the whole is fast my name and has not denied my faith even in those days wherein Antipas was my faithful martyr who was slain among you where Satan dwelleth a boy boy boy now the who is one of the other questions was Antipas we don’t know there are some early church fathers that think there was a specific guy named Antipas in fact there’s stories about him being shut up in a brazen bull and it was heated up red-hot and the end of his life in as he died in this ordeal he was praying and singing songs till he died till he bartered another group of authors feel that the word Antipas in the Greek means against all and that maybe it’s almost like both may be true in other words he’s against he was he stood alone is there the idea I wouldn’t make too much of his name because Herod had Antipas as a name – so there probably it was Bobby not an uncommon name in those early years but anyway at the bus can mean in the Greek against all and that also apparently describes his situation because he obviously was he’s getting committed here as a faithful martyr during these very days but the main thing this issue of Satan here’s where we could depart into a whole special study on the reality of Satan and let me just cut through it quickly because I for this audience most of you realize that Satan Israel it’s not an idiom for evil and some broad sense he’s a person he’s malevolent he’s very resourceful his character he’s a murderer from the beginning Jesus says Jesus describes him as a person in John 8 and elsewhere he was a deceiver will encounter in Revelation 12 and we will study at shenaniganz there from Genesis to Revelation in the overview he’s a liar he always was from Genesis 3 on and of course he obviously is a sinner but that’s very confirmed for you in 1st John and elsewhere his domain he has a vast demonic Kingdom that’s and we’re going to encounter that also as we get into revelation 12 he also is in charge of the world system remember when Jesus was tempted in his famous temptations after his forty days fasting after his baptism Satan shows Jesus somehow all the nations of the world and he makes the boast that they’re all given to me and I can give them to him or we’ll I’ll give them to you if you just but if you worship me that would not have been a temptation if he didn’t have claim to them if I tried to sell you the the Sears Tower in Chicago you’re not tempted to buy it for me because you don’t think I own it in order for you to be tempted you have to believe that hey I really have the now sought to you for 10 grand you’re not tempted because you know I’m going on in other words in order for you be tempted to take my deal you have to have the confidence that I have the deal present you follow me Satan offered all the nations of Christ to give them if he would be worshipped and obviously Jesus declined not because he didn’t own him but he had it he was there he was not willing to take a shortcut around the cross but the world system belongs to say we need to remember that as we look at the world and we see pain and suffering and and evil we need to remember who the god of this world is and know that Satan has locality can’t be everywhere at one time he’s not omnipresent he has a number of strange he’s obviously our adversary right that’s what the word Satan actually means first Timothy 5 for speed or 5 he’s the accuser of the Brethren you know there are prominent people on public platforms that make their living tearing apart members of the body of Christ over some imagined differences or what-have-you they’re people I know they’re very prominent who’s marketing strategy to be an accuser of the Brethren I know where that doctrine comes from despite what differences we might share with some of those speakers that being attacked let’s recognize it that with what that’s what’s really happening there he’s the god of this world gorgeous second Corinthians he’s the Prince of the power of the air and when we get through the in Revelation the seals and then the trumpets and the bowls the climactic element of the climax all together is poured out upon the air we’ll explore that when we get there but that’s obviously it’s the Satan’s seat and then it is his domain he’s the spirit that now works in the children of disobedience court Ephesians he’s the enemy that sowed the tares in Matthew 13 you famous parable of the of the four soils and at least six times he simply called the wicked one I didn’t bother with those there’s he has many more titles his man the Anti Christ has 33 titles in the Old Testament 13 the new will deal with it when we get to Revelation 13 let’s talk a little bit about spiritual geography there is locality of Satan’s demons he is not omnipresent they are territorial study Daniel 10 and we’ll see that when you get to Revelation 9 revelation 16 they are their concern even in the book of Job even Satan himself subject to restrictions they can’t do anything they like God has put them under constraints and anything that happens to you has to be father filtered if you’re a Christian now something else about its geography you know we all understand that the Nimrod the first world dictator founded Babel which becomes Babylon what most people don’t realize is that when Cyrus conquered the Babylon the priests and their initiates and their treasures set up shop in Pergamus they got out of there and as Rome rises they go to they get known as the entrustment mysteries and they set up shop in Rome so the centroid of idolatry and false worship goes from Babylon to pergamus to Rome that’s the migration Jesus says hold hold fast my name to the church there that’s all name is always singular and I want to underscore this whole area of the third commandment most of us don’t understand what God says in the Ten Commandments when he says thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain he is not talking about vocabulary that commandment in my opinion has nothing to do with the swearing or foul language in that sense it has to do with ambassadorship and the instruction to this church is to hold fast my name the instruction to you and I is to hold fast his name let’s try to understand what that may mean so here’s the concern that Jesus has for these people it says he gave them the good news ASIS but I have a few things against thee because thou hast there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam we’ll come to that who taught Balak to cast a dummling block before the children Israel to eat things sacrificed unto idols and to commit fornication so thou has also them that hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitans which thing I hate and repent or else I will come unto thee quickly and will fight against them with the sword of my in other words with the Word of God well here we have one of those cases we run into several of them where Jesus uses a reference from the Old Testament to make a point and for us to understand the point he’s really making we need to understand what is this all about who was Balaam who was Balak what’s he talking about so let’s take a look at the Prophet Balaam he’s a strange character he is a strange character he’s a prophet but he’s not Jewish huh I believe he was a Gentile he’s called in Joshua 13 a soothsayers I called a prophet he calls himself a prophet know he’s a soothsayer he’s from Mesopotamia turns out in Deuteronomy 23 in fact specifically he’s from the river Euphrates in the area called Aram so he’s in a sense what we might think of as an Iraqi he might have been even been from Babylon doesn’t say that specifically but could be so he’s a strange character now he is but he is hired by the king of Israel’s enemies the Moabites Balak is the king of the Moabites and he’s hired Balaam to curse Israel God tells Balak Balaam not to go shall I go God says no he asked him again shall I go no shall I go well I’ll go if you have to so he goes and God’s upset about him going somehow Balaam didn’t get the message see one thing we should always be sensitive to what God may permit and what he may prefer or maybe two different things G will God allow me to get a new van I don’t know does he want you to have one instead if that’s more the question can the Christian dance can a Christian drink beer hey the question is what what does God prefer you to do under the whatever the circumstance are so Balaam on his way there his donkey keeps bumping the side of the this bridge on the trail and he beats the donkey three times till the donkey turns it to choose him out the donkey speaks to Balaam that got his attention that got his attention it’s a weird weird story but Baylor was who here guy but then the angel the reason that donkey wouldn’t go forward the doc you could see the angel is blocking the way beyond couldn’t when the angel is revealed in the veil and realize he’s in deep yoghurt here and so but then he’s but then the angel says go but don’t say any more than I let you say speak so he goes to bail act hires himself out that’s one of he’s going to doing it for money Balak wants him to curse Israel he refuses he has his moment because in in in numbers 23 in 24 where there’s this interaction with Balaam and they’ll act the king of Moab wants him to curse Israel and Balaam won’t do it because God he will not say things that they lack but God didn’t tell him to say say gee he’s doing all right here in fact he has a very strange prophecy there and number 24 where he talks about a star out of Jacob and some people presume that that may have some relationship to the so called Christmas star whatever in Bethlehem but that’s all conjecture it’s not that crisp or clear frankly but what’s not obvious until you read the rest of the story in numbers 31 some chapters later what apparently Balaam did do he taught the King he could he wouldn’t curse Israel because God didn’t let him do that but he tipped Balak off on how to get Israel defeated he in effect said get your good-looking single girls and have them camp around the outside of the camp of Israel entice these young men into fornication and marriage and whatever else and that that was prohibited in the Torah they were not to met they were not only keep separate they were specifically the Torah says you’re not supposed to marry a Moabite they did that caused God’s displeasure that brought judgment on the land and so forth but Valens role in all this he was the one that taught Israel’s enemies on how to get Israel corrupted get the picture okay so we have three references to bail in the New Testament in Revelation we here we saw the doctrine of balaam this whole idea of spiritual unchastity marriage with the world is the theme here in this whole letter second Peter 2 uses expression the way of balaam apparently referring the fact that he was a hireling he was making a market for his gift if you will he sold his his gift of prophecy for money for the way of Balaam and Jude 11 also makes a reference to that the error of Balaam sacrificing eternal riches for temporal gain now we made splitting hairs here these are the three phrases that occurs in the New Testament and they’re probably essentially the same thing slightly nuances of emphasis and the different ones will move on after all that he says he that hath an ear let him hear what the spirit saith unto the churches then we have the promise the overcomer you what’s strange about this here again you notice the prompts the overcomer comes after the letter closes it’s sort of like a PS Jesus says to him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna and will give him a white stone and in the stone a new name written which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it boy this is that now the hidden manna is pretty easy stuff now what does the word manna mean what is it we find it’s like coriander seed you know an X is 16 where it was given to Israel for sustenance for 40 years some commentators when they read that prophecy overcomer you’re gonna go if you do what God wants you here you he’ll give you a hidden manna and they say same to you i you want manna this is this stuff same thing every day 6 days now the six-day this twice as much because they wouldn’t get on the seventh you know into the sabbath was instituted in exodus 16 that’s four chapters before the law was given by the way it’s interesting issue but the word manna means what is it what is this stuff forty years they had manna for breakfast for lunch for dinner mana biscuits mana muffins mana pancakes Manawa Phil’s manicotti served of course with Manischewitz I suppose now we make fun of it and so forth it was collected for six days only it wasn’t available on the seventh which tells you that Sabbath was in effect long before the law was given its described poetically throughout the Bible it’s called the food from heaven and the bread of the mighty and some 78 all through there the bread of heaven and Psalm 105 but the capstone to what Jesus retaught about comes from John 6 because most of that chapter is the famous I am the bread of life discourse so if you want to understand the hidden manna that promise what it really means that’s easy John 6 take a read it that’ll be it be crystal clear we’re talking about Jesus Christ himself and he describes it very graphically there now before I before I get back let me just go back here to get through one other thing I’ll give him a white stone and in the stone a new name written which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth this is the one area in the entire book that most scholars have no idea what it might mean all kinds of conjectures and I won’t take you through them all because they’re just conjectures the one that is still a conjecture but the one that appeals to me apparently the roman practice was to give you a white stone with your name on it which was a which would give you food and access to the games that was what they had like a ticket to the Coliseum was it was one with the government we you had that stone you would get some bread and you would get to see the games that was and had your name on it that was it was like your identity didn’t have driver’s licenses or you know the same idea so the white stone with a name written on it so worth maybe idiomatically taken from that practice but that’s conjecture we don’t have any good records on any of that but anyway that manner we’ve talked about so okay we had smyrna went through all of that last time now we’ve gone through pergamus the name means mixed marriage the title is the word of the Word of God and both the commendation and the concerns and the exhortation deals with this whole idea of spiritual morality avoiding spiritual immorality spiritual chastity if I can use that term so admonitory to all churches well Ephesus was the idea of Ephesus was you had devotion not just doctrine that made sense Smyrna the main message to Smyrna was to endure persecution you’ll be tried for 10 days and so forth for Pergamus it’s to purify your ambassadorship hold fast to my name was as admonition that’ll become clear as I get that go go go a little further here the other application is to us personally let’s talk how do how do we apply these personally well the whole story of Ephesus was neglected priorities they were sound on doctrine but they were short on devotion God wants devotion not just doctrine Smyrna of course the whole issue there was satanic opposition Satan was at work persecuting the church and Jesus message them and just hang in there pergamus is spiritual compromise spiritual compromise that’s exactly what they’ll bail em taut they’d like to take advantage of and Israel compromise itself with with the sexual immorality in the in the sexual sense but also the spiritual morality by taking on the idols of these girls in other words the guys would get tangled up with these girls get married and adopt the the gods of the Moabites and that was what caused God to bring a judgment upon Israel the promises the overcomer Ephesus eat of the Tree of Life Smyrna will be not heard of the second death again it’s death death death through that one and we have the mana stone and name promised here who is the overcomers the question well everybody it’s easy to get on a legalistic trip here if you’re not careful you might put in your notes first John 5 verses 4 and 5 where John the writer of the book of Revelation writes to you what the overcomer who the overcomer is first John 5 he says for whatsoever is born of God overcometh the world and this is the victory that overcometh the world even our faith who is he that overcometh the world but he that believeth that Jesus is the Son of God so these overcomer promises are to tho are to people of faith and so again if faith is the issue let’s not forget that as we go forward well we’ve talked about local the local ed monitor and personal let’s get to this controversial one and the fog may lift on the whole thing for you you need to understand a little bit more about the Babylonian legend Tammuz was the posthumous Sun between Nimrod and Semiramis presumably he’s associated with the Sun God he was thought to die at the winter solstice you know as the days get shorter and shorter and shorter when the days get the shortest he’s thought the Sun God is thought to have died and then he’s resurrected if you will in the days it follows the day started getting longer again so they they’re very sensitive the day’s getting shorter Sun God dies there’s a death and resurrection theme of all of this they celebrated all of this the night that he dies they burned a Yule Log the word Yule in Chaldean means infant they burned this log in the fireplace and then the next morning they replace it with a trim tree that sound familiar it’s injector if you would every time get around Christmastime be sure you do a study in the first half died four dozen verses of Jeremiah 10 nothing else it’ll kill you on a guilt trip for a while be kind of fine so also the mistletoe the Wasel Bowl all these things that we’d think of coming from of a British retinal bridge tradition actually has its roots in pagan Rome which has its roots in Babylon now Nimrod founded the original Babylonian religion obviously he’s virtually identical the faith on or Aesculapius and some accounts and developing the worship of his widow Semiramis and his posthumous son Thomas it’s called Semiramis and Tammuz in Babylonian it’s ashteroth and Tammis of enoch Phoenicia he’s the isis of horus of Egypt he’s the Aphrodite and eros of eros of Greece and Venus and Cupid of Rome these are simply Latin or Greek labels to the original Chaldean you follow me and all of this if you want there’s two great the classic study here is Alexander Hislop spook the two babylons we’ll be talking more about this when we get to revelation 17 and 18 but there’s a contemporary book that’s even better and that is Dave Hunt’s book a woman rides the beast every serious Christian I think should get Dave Hunt’s book a woman rides the Beast we have some differences of views on some things I’ll tell you about that when we get there not that critical but he’s done a thorough job at documenting the background of what we’re going to get into here this priesthood from babblin started to migrate when Cyrus conquered Babylon the the priesthood and the initiates set up shop and Pergamus and as the centroid of power eventually shifts to Rome as the Rome Romans supersede the Greeks this same religious system adopts Latin labels and forms the foundation but you and I think of his Pig and Rome if you study pagan Rome before the 3rd before the 3rd 4th century it’s just a Latin packaging of the babylonian system the title pontifex maximus was a title at the high priest of the Babylonian religion picked up when they moved from Babel into pergamus it’s first used in pergamus and GH pembers studies confirm all that and so obviously as as the system gets migrates to rome the appointment of each caesar in it was many titles that he took on one of them was the head of the church was which was pontifex maximus it was the head of the Babylonian religion and this all gets codified in 378 when the Damascus of the Bishop of Rome completes the absorption of the Babylonian system into the Roman Church now if you’re going to take your Bible seriously you’re going to want to do some background on the history of Rome it gets founded about 753 BC in between somewhere to the 4th and 3rd centuries BC they subdue it Italy they conquer Carthage in the 264 to 146 BC then Greece and Asia Minor falls the following century and then we get to Spain Gaul Britain in the 2-2 times and very graphically portrayed among the things if you’ve seen the movie Gladiator they do a great job Marcus it’s actually in the days of Marcus Aurelius but I checked that out by the way come Otis commodious coming us who took over – Marcus Aurelius was killed in the arena it’s very interesting anyway in 63 BC they conquered Judea and went at their peak they spanned from the Atlantic to the affray T’s and from the North Sea to the African desert the population is estimated maybe to be 120 million that might be a little low but along the way of course we get into Caesar worship Augustus when he takes over this is a after marked Anthony you know the the whole Octavian take a wins that battle and takes on the name of Augustus he also inaugurates Emperor worship and part of what he’s trying to do here is to tie the empire together in trying to enlist a common sentiment was is the thought and though even though Pergamus was not the seat of primary authority it ends up becoming one of the major centers for Emperor worship the first temple that was dedicated to Emperor worship was erected at Pergamus at 27 BC this is all obviously ahead of the New Testament period but it’s important for this background so pergamus is not only pagan in the traditional pagan sense it’s also pushing this idea of Emperor worship and by the time you get to the station I’ll give you a profile here in a minute and the successors it became a global test of loyalty to the Caesar to offer incense to a statue of the Emperor that was like a loyalty oath all you had to do is put a pinch of material in the in the offer and you’d get a certificate for another year that you’re loyal to the empire the spacian enforced that so anyway when you get to about 44 BC Julius Caesar is assassinated and that’s then we have Augustus and it’s in Gus’s reign that Christ was born obviously and it’s he’s succeeded by Tiberius Christ was crucified in Tiberias his reign just to give you a rough feeling here then we get to Caligula and there is an incident that’s going to be important to as we study it during Caligula’s reign he’s a tough guy but he instructs his general in Jerusalem to put an idol of himself in the Holy of Holies and Petronius refuses to do that because he knows that will lead to a major explosion as it did back in 137 BC and I’ll come back to that Caligula orders petronia is killed for failing they’re following instructions clea happens to die two weeks later the message of clay his death gets to Petronius before the order of his execution so he gets off the hook interestingly enough but it’s interesting to see God intervene in a way of not letting the abomination of desolation take place which is what it would have done that’s going to happen when it should happen so let me have Claudius then we have Nero very infamous of course he’s the one that burned Rome and got tried to blame the Christians on he’s the one that executed Paul and the Senate of course orders his death and very very painful death but he takes the suicide rather than endure that then we have when Nero dies Vespasian’s down in Judea with his son with orders to attack Jerusalem but Nero dies from 68 the 69 Galba also and Vitellius in succession take over for a short while but it’s just turbulence the station finally takes over the Empire and 69 leaving a son Titus in the to attack Jerusalem and of course Titus does destroy Jerusalem in 70 AD but in that hiatus the Christians get out because Christ warned him to in Luke chapter 21 Titus though aspires to even becomes Emperor 79 to 81 10 years later so they’re at their Zenith now we get to to mission and to mission the mission is a bad news he’s the worst of the bunch and very very very violent very very systematic and of course this is when John is banished to Patmos when Domitian dies john is released Trajan releases him and the trend just tried to uphold the laws but Christianity was regarded as illegal so traje is not a good guy but he doesn’t have the zeal the violence that Domitian is characterized emission then Hadrian then Antoninus Pius during Antoninus Pius they have the Bar Kokhba revolt and that’s when Jerusalem plot plowed underground and Roman city built on top of it which is all part of your background if you go to Israel and you get to Marcus Aurelius which brings you to the period of the movie the gladiator in terms of of length here but he wasn’t the most severe sense neuron this is probably the peak of Roman power and commodious coming us is the son of oïleus and he did Casas dies in the arena interestingly enough and then there’s a whole series of what they called the barek Emperor’s appointed by the army of civil war and then there’s a series of others that tolerate some of them tolerate Christianity they’re too busy trying to scotch tape the end empire starting to come apart Allah give us alexander severus max minutes we get to Phillips & deci Asst bellerian sum up that were favorable some of them are serious persecutors until you finally get to Diocletian and he’s the worst of the bunch Diocletian persecutes Christians furiously and he tried to be especially tortuous to discourage that whole movement that’s the then you get to this interesting guy by the makan Stettin who’s widely misunderstood in 312 ad set out to defeat the forces of extensions his rival the supreme power and the Empire his father had prospered when he prayed to the god of the Christians and so Hina’s extremity resorted to the same action were we were we were told that on the next day saw shining cross the sky with the inscription of it in hoc Signo Vinces that is in this sign that shall conquer whether this really happened or whether it was a clever press release afterwards it’s up to you to decide how cynical you are but he in any case he does defeat Maxentius at the Milvian bridge and that he immediately declares his conversion to christianity at least that’s the way the record says other records says he was baptized on his deathbed so whether he really was converted or not or whether he just took advantage of this as a public relations thing is a subject that scholars argue about but in 325 AD he issued his Edict of toleration that established the freedom of religion this was a big break for the Christians because up till now Christianity had been an illegal underground movement he did not make it a state religion he simply made it legal he favored Christians at court he exempted Christian ministers from taxes he issued a general exhortation for subjects to become Christians so this is all the positives in 320 X to me 330 ad he moved the capital of the world to Byzantium from Rome he had it yet Rome was so up to its ears in pagan traditions he decided to be simpler just to move the cap of the world out of there and he moved it to a place called Byzantium that then he renamed Constantinople it later gets renamed Istanbul by the by the Muslims when they take over ultimately but constantly has quite a record where you try to see what he actually he ceased the gladiator fights he stopped that he reduced the killing of unwelcome children he abolished crucifixion as a form of execution he repealed the persecution edicts of his predecessor Diocletian he assumed the headship of the church he’s the one that impaneled the Council of Nicaea and so forth he advanced Christians to high offices he declared Sunday as a day of worship now by the way this is why they misunderstood there were three major groups of Sun worshipers operative at that time in the Empire you had the Christians that were illegal they were coming out of the caves by declaring Sunday as a combined day of worship it was his way of trying to unify the Emperor Empire because he had three different groups of Sun worshipers that could share that day the Christians could worship on that day and the big news was the slaves had a day off that was a big deal they didn’t have a day off Constantine forbid work on Sunday and that made declared as a day of worship and so he also reduced slavery in a lot of different ways so the marriage was consummated between the world and the church because what happens is after Constantine dies Julian takes over and he is known as Julian the apostate Julian calendar same guy he sought to restore paganism he was not favorable to Christian cause at all but he is replaced after just a couple of years jumped by jovian who reestablished the Christian religion so this attempt at paganism was just to two years then Jovian takes over and then we get to Theodosius and he’s the one that made Christianity the state religion that caused forced conversions and suddenly all the churches were filled with unregenerate people that were that had an ambition to rule that were used to hedonism and we have now a commingling of Christianity or at least a form of it and the paganism that was operative throughout the culture so this is regarded by most scholars the marriage between the church in the world a perverted marriage hedonism was Christianized the pagan temples became churches heathen festivals were converted into Christian ones this December 25th thing we do we call Christmas is really a derivative of pagan holidays well they know about the birth of crisis that wasn’t in the winter and so on we could run we’ll go down all that pagan priests slipped into the offices Christian priests most of the changes were simply nomenclature giving given these Christian names to the previous practices so what the persecution didn’t accomplish in Smyrna was accomplished in a marriage to the world you can’t lick him to join him Satan had changes his strategy trying to crush the myrrh the smyrna didn’t work the blood of the martyrs is the seed of the church according to the early fathers but then making it a legal estate religion destroyed it so we have Ephesus Smyrna Pergamum Thyatira Sardis Philadelphia Ephesus the Apollo a post aaalac Church then we go through the persecuted Church and bring us is the married Church and next time of course we’ll take Thyatira in your next session what I’d like you to do is read chapters 2 & 3 I know we’ve done knowledge they’re short just read both chapters so you have all seven letters refreshed in your mind now I want you to analyze that letter defy a tyrant it’s the longest of the bunch now I’m not very long it’s from it’s only about ten verses but analyze the letter figure out what the good news is and what the bad news is with Thyatira it’s a very important letter it’s the longest it deals with a person called Jezebel is anyone here named Jezebel does anyone here have a dog named Nero see some of these names you wouldn’t even give your dog right study Jezebel it’s important first of all it’s a very colorful period in in Israel’s history she is quite an operator you need to understand Jezebel for several reasons not the least of which Jesus alludes to her with respect the Church of Thyatira so give you a clue what most that story will be in first Kings 21 you want to read about a guy by the name of nebith he had a vineyard and it’s absolutely fascinating to see how that whole situation is dealt with because I think it becomes a foreshadowing of something far larger far more sinister than you have any idea so that’s your assignment for next time let’s stand for a closing with a prayer the letter the Church of Pergamos spiritual compromise the lessons to the church pretty obvious we need to ferret out the paganism that in dwells all of our churches to some extent it’s easy to be critical of certain ones let’s examine ourselves it also needs to be very very operative in our personal lives because all of us find ourselves compromising with the world we are to be his ambassadors how often do we compromise our ambassadorship for the sake of protecting a job or protecting a deal or not offending a neighbor or whatever there are a lot of these gray areas I’m not saying it’s simple but we need to put the test of ambassadorship on these decisions let’s bow our hearts father we thank you that you have brought us together and that we have a divine appointment with you tonight we thank you Father that your kingdom and no accidents no coincidences that we’re all here right now by your divine appointment so father our first prayers that your purpose be accomplished in each of our lives because we do come before your throne father acknowledging our sin our sins of ingratitude our sins of presumption Oh father how we do presume we ask you Father to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness that we might be more effective stewards of these treasures that you’ve given us indeed father we would just pray that you would increase in each of a new sense of responsibility as your ambassadors as your representatives we pray father that you would give us discernment in the opportunities that you unfold before us then in each of these things you might be more fruitful stewards and more pleasing in your sight as we commit ourselves father without any reservations into your hands the name of Yeshua our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ amen you

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